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Rickey sculptures on a shelf above the back staircase, Hand Hollow, East Chatham, NY.
Rickey sculptures on a shelf above the back staircase, Hand Hollow, East Chatham, NY
George Rickey in the Newcomb College Art Gallery, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, c. 1956
George Rickey in the Newcomb College Art Gallery, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, c. 1956.


Rathbone, Belinda. George Rickey: A Life in Balance. Boston, MA: David R. Godine, 2021.


(Arranged alphabetically by author)

Davidson, Maxwell. George Rickey: The Early Works. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Books, Inc., 2004.

Gedeon, Lucinda H. et al.  George Rickey, Kinetic Sculpture: A Retrospective. Vero Beach: Vero Beach Museum of Art. Vero Beach, Florida. 2007.

Merkert, Jorn, and Ursula Prinz, eds. George Rickey in Berlin, 1967-1992. Berlin: Ars Nicolai GmbH, 1992.

Reiko, Tomii. Between Two Continents: George Rickey, Kinetic Art and Constructivism, 1949-1968. Ph.D. diss., University of Texas at Austin, 1988.

Rosenthal, Nan. George Rickey. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1977.

Included in Books

(Arranged alphabetically by author)

Armstrong, Thomas. 200 Years of American Sculpture. New York: David R.Godine, 1976.

Arnason, H.H. History of Modern Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1976.

Burnham, Jack. Beyond Modern Sculpture: The Effects of Science and Technology on the Sculpture of This Century. New York: George Braziller, 1968.

Clérin, Philippe. La Sculpture en Acier. Paris: Dessain & Tolra, 1993.

Collischan, Judy. Welded Sculpture of the Twentieth Century. New York: Hudson Hills Press, in association with the Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase College, State University of New York, 2000.

Crane, Aimee, ed. Art in the Armed Forces--Pictured by Men in Action. New York: The Hyperion Press, 1944 (distributed by Charles Scribner’s Sons).

Davis, Douglas. Art and the Future. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1973.

Day, Holliday T., with contributions by Dore Ashton and Lena Vigna. Crossroads of American Sculpture. Indianapolis: Indianapolis Museum of Art, 2000.

Friebe, Ingeborg. Begegnungen, Kunst im Landtag Nordrhein-Westfalen. Cologne, Germany: Dumont Buchverlag, 1994.

Goldwater, Robert. What Is Modern Sculpture? New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1969 (distributed by New York Graphic Society, Greenwich, CT).

Hamilton, George Heard. 19th and 20th Century Art: Painting, Sculpture Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1959.

Hobbs, Robert. 101 Masterworks. Iowa City: The University of Iowa Museum of Art, 1986.

Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art. Selected Works from the Collection of Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art. Hyogo, Japan: Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, 2002.

Kepes, Gyorgy, ed.  The Nature and Art of Motion.  New York: George Braziller, 1973.

Kultermann, Udo. The Sculpture. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1968.

Lipman, Jean, and Franc Helen M., eds. Bright Stars: American Painting and Sculpture Since 1776. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1976.

Lowry, Glen, and Dennis Anderson. The Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller Empire State Place Art Collection and Plaza Memorials. Albany: New York State Office of General Services in association with Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 2002

Lynch, John. Mobile Design. New York: The Studio Publications, Inc., 1955.

Mahlow, Dietrich. 100 Jahre Metalplastik: 100 Years of Metal Sculpture. Frankfurt am Main: Metall Gesellschaft A.G., 1981.

Meijer, Frederik. Gardens of Art: The Sculpture Park at the Frederick Meijer Gardens. Grand Rapids, MI: Frederik Meijer Gardens and Sculpture Park, 2002.

Nestler, Peter, et al. George Rickey in Köln, Cologne, Germany: Moderne Stadt, Gesellschaft zur Förderung des Städtebaues und der Gemeindeentwicklung, 1992.

Ocvirk, Stinson, and Cayton Wigg Bone. Art Fundamentals: Theory and Practice. New York: McGraw Hill, 2002.

Popper, Frank. Origins and Development of Kinetic Art. Greenwich, CT: New York Graphic Society, 1968.

Read, Herbert. A Concise History of Modern Sculpture. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1964.

Roberts, Norma, ed. The American Collections. New York: Harry N. Abrams, in conjunction with the Columbus Museum of Art, 1989.

Rodman, Selden. Conversations with Artists. New York: The Devin-Adair Co., 1957.

Senie, Harriet F. Contemporary Public Sculpture: Tradition, Transformation, and Controversy. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Siegel, Jeanne. Artwords: Discourse on the 60s and 70s. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1985.


Anderson-Spivy, Alexandra. "Breath of Life," artnet Magazine, May 2, 2008.

Brown, Gordon. “George Rickey at Staempfli.” Arts (Summer 1971). 

George, Laverne. “George Rickey.”Arts Digest, vol. 29, no. 8 (January 15, 1955). 

Goodman, Jonathan. “The Public Art of George Rickey.” Arts Magazine, vol. 62, no. 9 (May 1988).

Green, Denise. “George Rickey.” Arts, vol. 45, no. 8 (Summer 1971). 

Gruen, John. “The Sculpture of George Rickey: Silent Movement, Performing in a World of Its Own.” Art News, vol. 79, no. 4 (April 1980).

Gruen, John. “Artist’s Dialogue: George Rickey, Choreography of Steel,” Architectural Digest (June 1988). 

Hanzal, Carla. “Within the Poetry of Motion: George Rickey.” Sculpture, vol. 8, no. 8 (1999). 

Henry, Gerrit. “George Rickey.” Art News, vol. 70, no. 4 (Summer 1971). 

Klein, Hilary Dole. "George Rickey: Dancing on the Wind," The Magazine of Santa Barbara County, January-February, 1990.

Kramer, Hilton. "Art: The Mobiles of George Rickey.” The New York Times (April 26, 1975). 

Levin, Kim. “George Rickey.” Art News, vol. 63, no. 8 (December 1964). 

Lonngren, Lillian. “George Rickey.” Art News, vol. 57, no. 10 (February 1959). 

Lonngren, Lillian. “George Rickey.” Art News, vol. 60, no. 7 (November 1961). 

Marter, Joan. “The Legacy of Alexander Calder.” Sculpture, vol.17, no. 6 (July-August 1998). 

Metcalf, Katherine. “Kinetic Sculpture.” Arts and Architecture (June 1966).

Munson, Gretchen T. “George Rickey.” Art News, vol. 53, no. 10 (February 1955). 

Neumeyer, Alfred. “The Language of Kinetic Sculpture.” Studio International, vol.172, no. 879 (July 1966).

Ohff, Heinz. “George Rickey: Amerika Haus und Galerie Folker Skulima, Berlin.” Das Kunstwerk, vol. 4, no. 32 (August 1979). 

Rathbone, Belinda.  “Rupert Murdoch Plants a Wind-Powered Sculpture in Front of Fox News HQ.” New York Magazine, December 29, 2017.

Raynor, Vivien. “New York Exhibitions: In the Galleries— George Rickey.” Arts, vol. 36, no. 2 (November 1961). 

Rosenberg, Harold. “Vicissitudes of the Square.” The New Yorker, January 27, 1968.

Rosenthal, Nan. “Going with the Wind: Rickey’s ‘Lines’ and ‘Planes.’” Art in America, vol. 63, no. 6 (November-December 1975). 

Schmied, Wieland. “Eine Harmonie: Parallel den Prozessen der Natur,” Kunst, vol.17, no. 1 (1977). 

Secunda, Arthur. “Two Motion Sculptors: Tinguely and Rickey.” Artforum, vol.1, no. 1 (June 1962). 

Sawin, Martica. “George Rickey.” Arts, vol. 33, no. 5 (February 1959).

Winter, Peter. “George Rickey.” Das Kunstwerk (July 1976).

Exhibition Catalogues

(Arranged chronologically)

George Rickey: Mobile Sculpture. Indianapolis: John Herron Art Institute, 1953.

George Rickey: Machines, Kinetic Sculptures, Mobiles. New York: Kraushaar Galleries, 1955. 

George Rickey: Kinetic Sculpture and Machines. New Orleans: Delgado Museum, 1956. 

George Rickey: Kinetic Sculptures. New York: Kraushaar Galleries, 1959. 

George Rickey Kinetic Sculpture. New York: Kraushaar Gallery, 1961. 

George Rickey. Düsseldorf: Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, 1962. With an essay by Henry Hope.

George Rickey: Kinetic Sculptures. Boston: Institute of Contemporary Art, 1964. 

George Rickey: Sixteen Years of Kinetic Sculpture. Washington, D.C.: The Corcoran Gallery. With an essay by Peter Selz.

George Rickey. New York: Staempfli Gallery, 1967. 

George Rickey: mobile Skulpturen. Berlin: Haus am Waldsee, 1969. With essays by Dietrich Mahlow, Hans Bauer, Max Mengeringhause, George Nees, Zdenek Felix, Friedhelm Klein, Jiri Padrta, Eberherd Roters, Jiri Kotalik, Nora Aradi, and Margit Staber.

Constructivist Tendencies: From the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. George Rickey. Santa Barbara: University of California at Santa Barbara, 1970. With an essay by George Rickey.

George Rickey Retrospective Exhibition 1951–71. Los Angeles: UCLA Art Council. Los Angeles, 1971.

George Rickey. New York: Staempfli Gallery, 1971. 

George Rickey. Hannover: Kestner Gesellschaft, 1973. With essays by Wieland Schmied and Eberhard Roters.

George Rickey. Zurich: Gimpel & Hanover Galerie; London: Gimpel Fils Gallery, 1975. 

George Rickey. New York: Staempfli Gallery and Fordham University Plaza, 1975. 

George Rickey: Kinetische Objekte, Material und Technik. Bielefeld, Germany: Kunsthalle Bielefeld, 1976. With an essay by Ulrich Weisner.

George Rickey: Drawings for Sculpture. Williamstown, MA: Williams College Museum of Art, 1977. With an essay by Lucinda Barnes.

George Rickey, Skupturen, Material, Technik. Berlin: Amerika Haus, 1979.    

George Rickey. New York: The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1979. 

George Rickey: Kinetic Sculpture on Clydeside. Glasgow: Scottish Arts Council and Glasgow District Court, 1982.

George Rickey in South Bend. South Bend: Indiana University and the University of Notre Dame, 1985. With essays by James L. Mullins and Hayden Herrera.

George Rickey. New York: Maxwell Davidson Gallery and Zabriskie Gallery, 1986. 

George Rickey: Sculptures, 1955-1990. Paris: Artcurial, 1990. With an essay by Jorn Merkert.

George Rickey in Berlin, 1967–1992: die Sammlung der Berlinische Galerie. Berlin: Berlinische Galerie and Ars Nicolai, 1992. With essays by Jorn Merkert, Edward Kienholz, Hann Trier, Ursula Prinz, Wieland Schmied, Eberhard Roters, Werner Haftmann, Nan Rosenthal, and Peter Nestler.

Crossroads of American Sculpture. Indianapolis: Indianapolis Museum of Art. Indianapolis, 2000. With essays by Holliday T. Day.

George Deux Américains à Paris: Sculptures de George Rickey et Kenneth Snelson. Paris: Jardins du Palais Royal, 2006. With an essay by Robert Hobbs.

George Rickey: Selected Works from the Estate. New York: Marlborough Gallery and Maxwell Davidson Gallery, 2008. With essays by Debra Bricker Balken and Werner Feibes.

Passages of Light and Time: George Rickey's Life in Motion. South Bend, IN: Snite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame, 2009.

George Rickey: Important Works from the Estate. New York: Marlborough Gallery, 2010. With an essay by Alexandra Anderson-Spivy.

Constructivists: Kenneth Nelson + George Rickey. New York: Marlborough Gallery, 2011. With an essay by Philip Rickey.

George Rickey. Berlin: Galerie Michael Haas, 2011. With an essay by George Rickey.

George Rickey: Sculpture from the Estate. New York: Marlborough Gallery, 2013. With an essay by Philip Rickey.

George Rickey. New York: Maxwell Davidson Gallery, 2015.

George Rickey: Esculturas. Barcelona, Spain: Galeria Marlborough, 2015. With an essay by Maria Antonia Calvo.

George Rickey: Selected Works from the Estate, 1954–2000, Marlborough Gallery, 2016.

George Rickey: Kinetic Sculptures. Knokke, Belgium: Samuel Vanhoegaerden Gallery, 2016.

George Rickey: Selected Sculptures from the Estate. London: Marlborough Fine Arts, London, 2017.

Calder/Rickey, New York: Davidson Gallery, 2018.

(Arranged chronologically)

“Stimulating an Appetite for Art.” Association of American Colleges Bulletin, November 1937, pp. 334-336.

"La Civilisation du Mouvement (The Mobility ofAmericans)" LeGuet, Catherine, trans.; LesTemps Modernes (August–September 1946).

“Kinetic Sculpture.” In Art and Artist. Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press and Cambridge University Press, 1956, pp. 149-179.

"Scratch an Engineer...," Columbia Engineer Quarterly, October 1957, pp. 17-21, 31.

“The Kinetic International.” Arts, vol. 35, no. 10 (September 1961), pp. 16-21.

“Calder in London.” Arts Magazine, September 1962, pp. 22-27.

“The Morphology of Movement: A Study of Kinetic Art.” Art Journal, vol. 22, no. 4 (Summer 1963): 220-31. Reprinted in The Nature of Art and Motion, Gregory Kepes, ed. (New York:  George Braziller, 1965):  81-115.

"The Metier." Contemporary Sculpture Arts Yearbook 8, James R. Mellow, ed. New York:  Arts Digest, 1965, pp. 164-166.

“Kinesis Continued.” Art in America, vol. 3, no. 6 (December 1965-January 1966), pp. 45-55.

Introduction. Directions in Kinetic Sculpture by Peter Selz. Berkeley: University Art Museum,University of California, 1966, pp. 13-16.

Constructivism: Origins and Evolution. New York: George Braziller, 1967.

“Origins of Kinetic Art.” Studio International, vol. 173, no. 886 (February 1967), pp. 65-69.

Statements in “The Berkeley Symposium of Kinetic Sculpture,”edited by Peter Selz, Art and Artists (February-March 1967).

Introduction. Constructivist Tendencies: From the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. George Rickey. Santa Barbara: University of California at Santa Barbara, 1970.

Introduction. The Non-Objective World 1939–1955. London: Annely Juda Fine Art, 1972.

Introduction and text. George Rickey: Kinetische Objekte und Technik. Bielefeld, Germany: Kunsthalle Bielefeld, 1976.

“Naum Gabo, 1890-1977.” Art forum (November 1977), pp. 22-27.

“All Good Art Is Public.” Educational Perspectives 16, no. 3 (October 1977), pp. 10-11.

“Observations and Reflections—1964.” In Theories of Modern Art, edited Herschel B. Chipp, Berkeley: University of California, Press, 1978, pp. 578-89.

"Problems of a Kinetic Sculptor."  Sculpture Today: 10th International Sculpture Conference. Toronto, Canada: International Sculpture Conference, 1978.

“Less Is Less.” Art Journal, vol. 41, no. 3 (Fall 1981), pp. 248-49.

“I Remember—or Do I?” In George Rickey: Kinetic Sculpture on Clydeside. Glasgow: Scottish Arts Council, 1982.

“George Rickey on His Recent Work.” Art Monthly, vol. 69 (September 1983), pp. 4-6.

“Nulla Dies Sine Linea.” In The Maximal Implications of the Minimal Line. Annandale-on-Hudson, NY: Edith C. Blum Art Institute, Bard College, 1985.

“The Muse,”“Scale,” and “Hommage à Albers.” In George Rickey. New York: Maxwell Davidson Gallery and Zabriskie Gallery, 1986.

“In the Fullness of Time.” In George Rickey, pp. 13-14, 16. Berlin: Galerie Pels-Leusden, 1987.

“Naum Gabo.” Naum Gabo: Ein Russischer Konsstruktivist in Berlin, pp. 42-58. Berlin: Berlinische Galerie, 1989.

“Reflections While Building a Sculpture for Berlin.” In George Rickey in Berlin, 1967-1992. Berlin: Berlinische Galerie, 1992.

“A Technology of Kinetic Art.” Scientific American (February 1993), pp. 74-79.

(Arranged chronologically)

Trovato, Joseph. "Oral history interview with George Rickey," East Chatham, New York, for the Archives of American “Art New Deal and the Arts Project,” July 17, 1965.

Cummings, Paul. "Oral history interview with George Rickey," East Chatham, New York, for the Archives of American Art, June 11, 1968.

Wight, Frederick S. "An interview by Frederick S. Wight," published in George Rickey: Retrospective Exhibition, 1951-71, Los Angeles: UCLA Art Council, 1971, pp. 9-36.

Hjort, Øystein. "Interview with George Rickey," published in Sculpture Veksølund 1983, Veksø, Denmark: Veksølund, 1983.

(Arranged chronologically)

Howard, Carl, director. Four Sculptors: Judd, Nevelson, Rickey, Segal. SUNY Albany, 1973.

Schneidman, Seth, director. George Rickey: Portrait of an Artist. Seven Hills Production, 1987.

MacDonald, Kevin, director. The Moving World of George Rickey. Figment Films Ltd. in association with BBC Scotland, 1998.

MacDonald, Kevin, director. George Rickey’s Annular Eclipse V (2000) on Park Avenue. Kevin MacDonald, 2000.

Kreft, Paul, director. George Rickey Works: A Visual Exploration of George Rickey's Kinetic Work. 2007.

Abstraction in the Public Sphere: New Approaches—A Symposium in Honor of George Rickey, September 25 and 26, 2009, Snite Museum, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.

On George Rickey: Philip Rickey in Conversation with Eric Gleason, September 11, 2021, Kasmin Gallery, 509 West 27th St., New York.

George Rickey's Kinetic Aesthetic: A Roundtable Discussion, October 20, 2021, Christie's, 20 Rockefeller Plaza, New York. Edward J. Sullivan moderates a conversation with Pepe Karmel, Sarah Oppenheimer, Robert Slifkin, and Reiko Tomii.